School Level Links > General And School-level Reference Material

General and School-level Reference Material

Ocean and Atmosphere Websites suitable for general and school education (pdf)

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Curriculum Links
Weather Observing
Weather Forecasting
Understanding The Weather
Climate & Understanding it
Climate Change
The Arts
Statistics and Probability
Other Indirectly Related Links

Curriculum Links

Essential Learnings - Learning Teaching and Assessment Guide, Education Department, Tasmania
>> Climate Change - A teaching package for levels 7 and 8

Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority
>> Prep to Year 10 Curriculum and Standards
>>Victorian Certificate of Education studies

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology
>> Classroom Exercises - Includes lesson plans and worksheets
>> Ozone Classroom Activity


Weather Observing

Caulfield South Weather Station - An online school-based weather station web page
The UV & Me Project
- An online school-based ultra-violet web page
Cloud Appreciation Society In association with Pretor-Pinney's book, "The Cloudspotters Guide" - see reference below ....
Cloud Atlas, Houze's
Australian Antarctic Division
>> Have you see a ... Polar Stratospheric Clouds
Pretor-Pinney, G., c2006, The Cloudspotter's Guide, Sceptre, London

Weather Forecasting

Weatherwise - Various interactive training aids
>> Coriolis - This subsite shows the Coriolis force on a zonal wind
>> Geostrophic Wind - and this subsite calculates the wind that balances Coriolis force, pressure gradient force and friction
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
>> JetStream - An online school for Weather

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology
>> Forecasting the Weather - A tutorial explaining how to forecast the weather
>> Introduction to the Weather Map - A tutorial on how to read a weather map
>> Water and Land - lots of information that will help in making your own forecast
>> National Meteorological and Oceanographic (NMOC) Charts - Analyses and Numerical Prediction Charts
>> Sea Surface Temperature data - Sea surface temperature (SST) data over different time spans

The American Meteorological Society
>>Meteorological Glossary - from the American Meteorological Society (AMS)
Australian Atmospheric Soundings - Australian upper air observations. Designed for glider pilots. Includes a help page of how to read the charts.

World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) - A United Nations Organization: "Working together in weather, climate and water"
>> World Weather and Climate Information

Gibilisco, S., c2006, Meteorology Demystified: A Self-Teaching Guide, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA
Konvicka, T., 1999, Teacher’s Weather Sourcebook, Teacher Ideas Press, Englewood, Colorado, USA
Sorbjan, Z., c1996, Hands-on Meteorology: Stories, Theories, and Simple Experiments, Project Atmosphere, American Meteorological Society, Boston, USA

Understanding the Weather

The Millennium Prize Problems - Wikipedia - Includes the Navier-Stokes equations, which describe the movement of fluids.

Face Recognition – Pattern Recognition - from the ABC Radio Science Show

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology
>> Learn About Meteorology - Bureau educational section
>> Learning About Meteorology - External Sites - Bureau web page linking to many non-Bureau sites
International Standard Atmosphere - A table of properties at different levels. This is idealised, standard or reference conditions as used in the aviation industry
Local Winds - A list of names of Local Winds from around the world (wikipedia entry).
Bak, P. 1996, How Nature Works: The Science of Self-Organized Criticality, Copernicus, New York, USA
Lynch, A. H., and Cassano, J. J., c2006, Applied Atmospheric Dynamics, Wiley, New Jersey, USA

Pasini, A., 2005, From Observations to Simulations: A Conceptual Introduction to Weather and Climate Modelling, World Scientific, Hackensack, NJ, USA

Sturman, A. P., and Tapper, N. J., 2005, The Weather and Climate of Australia and New Zealand , Second Edition, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, Australia
Bohren, C.F., (c1987), Clouds in a Glass of Beer: Simple Experiments in Atmospheric Physics, Wiley, New York, USA

Climate Issues

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology
>> Indigenous Weather Knowledge - weather, climate and culture of indigenous Australians.
Australian Antarctic Division
>> Guide to the Atmosphere - A description of our atmosphere - to 290km
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
>> Information plus links to action around the world.
International Polar Year 2007 to 2009
>> Kid's Footprint - An activity related to exploring global warming
The Water Cycle Wikipedia - Water / Hydrological Cycle: Data includes average amounts of water in each "arm" of the Cycle and residency times

The Water Cycle - from Water Science for Schools

Water - A Never Ending Story - the Hydrological Cycle
Sustainability Victoria - suggests practical solutions to environmental problems
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts - Includes access to information on energy conservation
Ozone - Ozone information from the National Centers of Environment Prediction (NCEP) Polar Atmosphere
The Australian Bureau of Meteorology
>> Climate Education Site Map - Navigate around the Bureau Climate Education pages efficiently
>> Climate Glossary - A list of terms used in the Bureau's Climate pages
>> Climate Information - Australian Climate Information: Seasonal Outlooks, Recent and Historical Data as well as Climate Change
>> Climate Data Online - Australian climate data, statistics and maps
>> Australian Rainfall Patterns During El Niño Years - shows typical El Niño rainfall distributions
>> Australian Annual and Seasonal Rainfall Variability Maps - shows the variability of the Australian climate
World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) - A United Nations Organization: "Working together in weather, climate and water"
>> World Weather and Climate Information
WMO Commission for Climatology, 2005, Abridged Final Report with Resolutions and Recommendations, Fourteenth Session, Beijing, 3 – 10 November 2005, WMO-No. 996, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Climate Change

Australian Antarctic Division
>> Ozone Depletion - Its effects on marine microbes
International Panel on Climate Change - Includes IPCC 2001 report and 21-page summary of 2007 report
Understanding Climate Change - From the CSIRO
Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society's Policy on Climate Change


The UV & Me Project - An school-based UV awareness project
About the Satellite Images - Bureau of Meteorology Help pages on satellite imagery and products

SunSmart An anti-cancer organisation which promotes safe and responsible exposure to sunshine

Sunrise and sunset times - from Geoscience Australia

Sun and moon azimuth and elevation - from Geoscience Australia

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology
>> Solar Energy - A house design site
Atmospheric Optics
Atmosphere - Optical Effects

Lynch, D. K., & Livingston, D, 1995, Color and Light in Nature, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, NY, USA

Minnaert, M., c1993, Light and Color in the Outdoors, Springer-Verlag, New York, USA


The Australian Bureau of Meteorology
>> Australia's First Weather Men

Biography of J Willard Gibbs - from the University of St Andrews, Scotland. Gibbs was a famous thermodynamics expert
Federation and Meteorology - from the University of Melbourne
Anderson, K., c2005, Predicting the Weather: Victorians and the Science of Meteorology, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA
Lamb, H. H., 1982, Climate, History, and the Modern World, Methuen, London, UK
Nebeker, F. c1995, Calculating the weather: meteorology in the 20th century, Academic Press, San Diego, USA

The Arts

Weather and the Arts - includes classic tales, poetry, words of wisdom and some humour


Statistics and Probability

The Australian Bureau of Statistics
>> Education Services
>> Statistics - A Powerful Edge! (1996 publication)

Opportunities and Risk of Climate Change (Sneider, S., 2002, the Swiss Re article) includes an analysis of statistically based forecasting

Bruce, C., 2001, Conned Again, Watson!: Cautionary Tales of Logic, Math and Probability, Perseus Publishing Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

Burger, e. B., and Starbird, M., 2005, Coincidences, Chaos, and All That Math Jazz: Making Light of Weighty Ideas, W. W. Norton & Company, New York, USA
Lindley, D.V., and Hoboken, N.J., c2006, Understanding Uncertainty, Wiley-Interscience, Somerset, New Jersey, USA.
National Academic Press, 2003, A Workshop Summary: Communicating Uncertainties in Weather and Climate Information,National Academic Press, USA
Nicholls, N., 1999: Cognitive Illusions, Heuristics, and Climate Prediction. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 1385-1397.
Taleb, N. N., 2004, Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and in the Markets, Penguin Books, London, UK

Indirectly Related Links

Schools Orienteering - Orienteering Australia's site for an introduction into orienteering and map reading skills
Raisz, E. J., 1962, Principles of Cartography, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA
Windust, A., 2003, Waterwise House & Garden: A Guide for Sustainable LivingLandlinks Press, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Edited: June 2012